Manual testing is a crucial aspect of software development, where human testers manually execute test cases to identify defects or errors in software applications. In this article, we will provide you with 11 commonly asked interview questions and answers related to manual testing.
Manual testing plays a vital role in ensuring the quality and reliability of software applications. While automated testing has gained popularity, manual testing remains relevant due to its ability to simulate real-user interactions, detect visual defects, and uncover complex business logic issues. Manual testing allows testers to think creatively, apply critical thinking, and explore various scenarios, making it an integral part of the testing process.
What is Manual Testing?
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Manual testing is the process of executing test cases manually without the use of automation tools. It involves validating software functionality, verifying user interfaces, and ensuring that the application meets the specified requirements.
What are the different stages of the Software Testing Life Cycle (STLC)?
The Software Testing Life Cycle consists of the following stages:
- Requirement Analysis
- Test Planning
- Test Case Development
- Test Environment Setup
- Test Execution
- Test Closure
What is the difference between Verification and Validation?
Verification is the process of evaluating work products during or at the end of each phase to ensure that they meet the specified requirements. Validation, on the other hand, is the process of evaluating the final product to ensure that it meets the customer’s expectations and requirements
What are the advantages of Manual Testing over Automated Testing?
Manual testing offers several advantages over automated testing, including:
- Human intuition and creativity in identifying complex issues
- Cost-effectiveness for small-scale projects
- Adaptability to frequent changes in requirements
- User-centric testing to evaluate usability and user experience
What is Smoke Testing?
Smoke testing, also known as build verification testing, is a preliminary testing process performed to check whether the critical functionalities of the software are working fine before proceeding with detailed testing.
What is Regression Testing?
Regression testing is the process of retesting the modified or updated parts of the software to ensure that the changes have not introduced new defects or affected the existing functionality.
How do you prioritize test cases in Manual Testing?
Test case prioritization in manual testing is based on various factors, including criticality of the functionality, risk associated with failure, business impact, and customer requirements. Test cases covering core functionalities and high-risk areas are given higher priority.
What are the challenges faced in Manual Testing?
Some common challenges faced in manual testing include:
- Time constraints
- Resource limitations
- Repetitive tasks
- Human errors in test case execution
- Lack of test case documentation
What are the best practices to follow in Manual Testing?
Here are some best practices for manual testing:
- Thorough requirement analysis
- Clear test case documentation
- Proper defect reporting and tracking
- Test case reusability
- Regular communication with stakeholders
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